Michelangelo & Raphael at the Ashmolean Museum
Michelangelo & Raphael in Oxford
MichelangeloIf you have ever viewed any documentaries on Michelangelo, he was driven, tempermental, obsessive and liked to work alone. He actually bordered on the narcissism so often seen in greatness and so often the price paid for creative genius. One story details that he painted most of the Sistine Chapel himself & dismissed his assistants on the second half of the process, not trusting them to not disclose his techniques nor even to mix the paint. In preparation for his sculptures and frescoes, Michelangelo generated thousands of sketches over his 77 years as an artist. Some were general ideas and practice for his legendary artworks and other were part of communication with sponsors detailing the vision for his sculptures and paintings. However, Michelangelo almost always wanted to have his drawings destroyed. When working in Rome, he would send letters back to his studio in Florence ordering drawings to be burned. This is why only about 600 have survived. In the 1568 edition of Lives of the Artists by Giorgio Vasari (only 4 years after Michelangelo’s death adding to the credibility of the documentation), Vasari explains that Michelangelo burned a “large number of drawings sketches and cartoons made by his own hand so that no one would see the labor he went through and the ways in which his genius made its attempt, in order not to appear anything but perfect.” Michelangelo died in Rome in 1564, at the age of 88 (three weeks before his 89th birthday). His body was taken from Rome for internment at the Basilica of Santa Croce, fulfilling the maestro’s last request to be buried in his beloved Florence. His estate went to his nephew, Leonardo, including his studios and unfinished works including about 600 drawings. The drawings stayed mostly in the family for a few hundred years until the late 1700’s / early 1800’s when English aristocrats began taking “Grand Tours” and collecting antiquities and old world masters Renaissance painting and drawings. One of those collectors was an English portrait artist named Sir Thomas Lawrence. It is not fully clear when Lawrence began collecting drawings seriously. By his own testimony, he always had great enthusiasm for Old Master drawings and, in his youth, copied prints after them with avidity. Lawrence had enough success by the early 1790’s to start collecting but most likely obtained many of the Michelangelo drawings shortly before 1820. In his lifetime, Sir Thomas Lawrence acquired the greatest collection of Old Master Drawings ever formed in Britain. Upon Lawrence’s death in 1830, the works were offered to the nation of Britain and the monarch, but at that time the government lacked the funds to purchase the collection. The collections were acquired mostly by The British Museum and the Ashmolean Museum. You see other Michelangelo drawings in the news like the drawing sold in 1993 to the Getty Museum for $6 million USD.
- Ashmolean Museum: Open 10am to 5pm Tuesday – Sunday (Closed Mondays). Admission is Free
- Ashmolean Print Room: Visitors wishing to see the Michelangelo & Raphael drawings are requested to make an appointment in writing or by e-mail ([email protected]), with a minimum of twenty-four hours’ notice.
- Further Info: [embedit snippet=”ukashmolean-michelangelo-text”] [embedit snippet=”ukashmolean-michelangelo”]
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